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Kasparov became the youngest ever undisputed World Chess Champion in 1985 at age 22 by defeating then-champion Anatoly Karpov.He held the official FIDE world title until 1993, when a dispute with FIDE led him to set up a rival organization, the Professional Chess Association.In 1997 he became the first world champion to lose a match to a computer under standard time controls, when he lost to the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue in a highly publicized match.He continued to hold the "Classical" World Chess Championship until his defeat by Vladimir Kramnik in 2000.You wouldn’t necessarily have picked out Bachmann as the prime mover in that story, but Anton Corbijn and his screenwriter, Andrew Bovell, have re-orbited it around him.
The film is based on John le Carré’s 2008 thriller of the same name, but its personnel have been somewhat reshuffled.
achieved in 1999, was the highest recorded until being surpassed by Magnus Carlsen in 2013.
Kasparov also holds records for consecutive professional tournament victories (15) and Chess Oscars (11).
To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting each other.
In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by of the opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost, or checkmate appears unavoidable. Chess is believed to have originated in India sometime before the 7th century, being derived from the Indian game chaturanga, which is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi, janggi, and shogi.